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Nonnetalic Mineral Products

We next consider job losses in Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing, Including glass, clay and brick, cement and concrete, lime and gypsum products (NAICS 327).  Here we find a wide variety of ceramic, porcelain, earthenware and glass products for household, commercial, and industrial uses, and building products derived from cement, clay, and stone.  Production in this subsector includes pottery, ceramics, and plumbing fixtures; china, porcelain, and earthen table and kitchenware and other pottery; plumbing fixtures and ceramic electrical products; flat glass, glass containers, and glassware for table, kitchen, lighting, automotive, electronic, technical, and scientific uses; brick and structural clay tile, clay floor and wall tile, and other clay building materials; cement, ready-mix concrete, concrete blocks, brick and pipe and other concrete products; lime, gypsum building materials, and cut stone and stone products. 

Manufacturing facilities in this subsector, which employed 540,000 workers at the beginning of 1990, employed an average 385,575 in 2014.  The following figure and table illustrate those job losses:  


After a dip following the 1990-91 recession, we see a steady increase through the economic expansion of the 1990s, to a peak of 554,275 jobs in 2000.  Following is a strong fall-off beginning after 2000, coincident with the 2001 recession and the granting of permanent most favored nation status and WTO membership to China.  After a modest recovery from 2003 through 2006 during the housing boom, the rate of loss accelerates through the Great Recession, followed by a shallower decline to a low of 365,567 jobs in 2012, for a loss of some 189,000 jobs since 2000.  Since the low of 2012, employment has seen a recovery of 20,000 (11%) of the lost jobs, to an average of 385,575 jobs in 2014.

Key Finding:

Between 2000 and 2014, the industries in the nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing subsector[i] shed more than one out of every three jobs: a 35% decline in employment, nearly 189,000 jobs in all. 


GO TO miscellaneous durable goods.


[i] The Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing subsector transforms mined or quarried nonmetallic minerals, such as sand, gravel, stone, clay, and refractory materials, into products for intermediate or final consumption. Processes used include grinding, mixing, cutting, shaping, and honing. Heat often is used in the process and chemicals are frequently mixed to change the composition, purity, and chemical properties for the intended product. For example, glass is produced by heating silica sand to the melting point (sometimes combined with cullet or recycled glass) and then drawn, floated, or blow molded to the desired shape or thickness. Refractory materials are heated and then formed into bricks or other shapes for use in industrial applications.  The nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups: Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing (NAICS 3271); Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing (NAICS 3272); Cement and Concrete Product Manufacturing (NAICS 3273); Lime and Gypsum Product Manufacturing (NAICS 3274); and Other Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing (NAICS 3279).  [North American Industry Classification System, published at]


News and Events

May 15, 2014, Ontario, CA - MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, delivered the keynote address at the 20th annual World Trade Conference sponsored by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the California Inland Empire District Export Council in Ontario, California.  To view the conference agenda, click here:

New file download

May 7, 2015, Radnor, PA.  MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, appeared as the guest of host Richard J. Anthony, Sr. on The Entrepreneur's Network TV at Radnor Studio 21.  The program featured a discussion of the problems caused by offshoring manufacturing and white collar jobs and how consmers can solve the problem with their spending decisions. 

Studio 21 has made the program available for viewing here:

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