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Wood Products

We next consider job losses in wood products manufacturing (NAICS 321).  Here we find Here we find lumber, siding, shingles and shakes from sawmills, treated wood, veneers and plywood, engineered wood members and trusses, particle board and other reconstituted wood products, window and door frames, cut stock, moldings, and flooring, wood containers and pallets, mobile homes, and prefabricated wood buildings.

American saw mills and wood product plants, which employed 557,300 workers at the beginning of 1990, employed an average 372,183 in 2014.  The following figure and table illustrate those job losses:  


After a dip following the 1990-91 recession, we see a robust increase through the economic expansion of the 1990s, to a peak of 622,842 jobs in 1999.  Following is a strong fall-off beginning after 1999, coincident with the 2001 recession and the granting of permanent most favored nation status and WTO membership to China.  After a modest recovery from 2003 through 2006 during the housing boom, the rate of loss accelerates through the Great Recession, followed by a shallower decline to a low of 336,733 jobs in 2011, for a loss of some 251,000 jobs from the peak of 1999.  Since the low of 2011, employment has seen a recovery of 35,000 of the lost jobs, to an average of 372,183 jobs in 2014.

Key Finding:

Between 1999 and 2014, the wood products industry[i] saw a 45% decline in employment, losing more than four out of every ten jobs, some 251,000 jobs in all. 

GO TO Group 3.


[i] Industries in the Wood Product Manufacturing subsector manufacture wood products, such as lumber, plywood, veneers, wood containers, wood flooring, wood trusses, manufactured homes (i.e., mobile homes), and prefabricated wood buildings. The production processes of the Wood Product Manufacturing subsector include sawing, planing, shaping, laminating, and assembling of wood products starting from logs that are cut into bolts, or lumber that then may be further cut, or shaped by lathes or other shaping tools. The lumber or other transformed wood shapes may also be subsequently planed or smoothed, and assembled into finished products, such as wood containers. The Wood Product Manufacturing subsector includes establishments that make wood products from logs and bolts that are sawed and shaped, and establishments that purchase sawed lumber and make wood products. With the exception of sawmills and wood preservation establishments, the establishments are grouped into industries mainly based on the specific products manufactured.  The wood product manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups: Sawmills and Wood Preservation (NAICS 3211); Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing (NAICS 3212); and Other Wood Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3219.  [, published in North American Industry Classification System.]


News and Events

May 15, 2014, Ontario, CA - MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, delivered the keynote address at the 20th annual World Trade Conference sponsored by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the California Inland Empire District Export Council in Ontario, California.  To view the conference agenda, click here:

New file download

May 7, 2015, Radnor, PA.  MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, appeared as the guest of host Richard J. Anthony, Sr. on The Entrepreneur's Network TV at Radnor Studio 21.  The program featured a discussion of the problems caused by offshoring manufacturing and white collar jobs and how consmers can solve the problem with their spending decisions. 

Studio 21 has made the program available for viewing here:

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