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We next consider job losses in textile mills (NAICS 313). Here we find establishments producing yarns, thread, broad-woven fabrics, knit fabrics, and vinyl and rubber-coated fabrics.  

American textile mills, which employed 503,300 workers at the beginning of 1990, employed an average 117,500 in 2014. The following figure illustrates those job losses: 

After a dip following the 1990-91 recession, we see a maintenance of the status quo until 1994, when NAFTA went into effect and a steep, bumpy decline began.  This is followed by a disastrous fall-off marked by a sharp break in the curve beginning after 2000, coincident with the 2001 recession and the granting of permanent most favored nation status and WTO membership to China.  This rapid rate of decline continued through the Great Recession in 2008-2009 for a loss of some 386,000 jobs; since then, employment has “flat-lined” at about 117,000 jobs, with no increase during the economic “recovery.” 

Key Finding:                

Between 1990 and 2014, we shipped three-fourths of our textile mill[i] jobs offshore: 77 percent of the jobs, nearly 386,000 jobs in all. 

GO TO Textile Products.


[i] Industries in the Textile Mills subsector group include establishments that transform a basic fiber (natural or synthetic) into a product, such as yarn or fabric that is further manufactured into usable items, such as apparel, sheets, towels, and textile bags for individual or industrial consumption. The further manufacturing may be performed in the same establishment and classified in this subsector, or it may be performed at a separate establishment and be classified elsewhere in manufacturing.  The textile mills subsector consists of these industry groups: Fiber, Yarn, and Thread Mills (NAICS 3131); Fabric Mills (NAICS 3132); and Textile and Fabric Finishing and Fabric Coating Mills (NAICS 3133).  [North American Classification System, published at]


News and Events

May 15, 2014, Ontario, CA - MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, delivered the keynote address at the 20th annual World Trade Conference sponsored by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the California Inland Empire District Export Council in Ontario, California.  To view the conference agenda, click here:

New file download

May 7, 2015, Radnor, PA.  MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, appeared as the guest of host Richard J. Anthony, Sr. on The Entrepreneur's Network TV at Radnor Studio 21.  The program featured a discussion of the problems caused by offshoring manufacturing and white collar jobs and how consmers can solve the problem with their spending decisions. 

Studio 21 has made the program available for viewing here:

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