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Textile Products

We next consider job losses in textile product mills (NAICS 314). Here we find establishments producing carpet and rugs, curtains and draperies, upholstery components, and other household furnishings, bedspreads, sheets and pillowcases, towels and washcloths, textile bag and canvas products, and rope, cordage and twine (including tire cord). 

American textile product mills, which employed 243,500 workers at the beginning of 1990, employed an average 114,492 in 2014.  The following figure illustrates those job losses:  

After a dip following the 1990-91 recession, we see a recovery during the early 1990s economic expansion, until 1994, when NAFTA went into effect and a shallow, bumpy decline began.  This is followed by a disastrous fall-off marked by a sharp break in the curve beginning after 2000, coincident with the 2001 recession and the granting of permanent most favored nation status and WTO membership to China.  This rapid rate of decline continued through the Great Recession in 2008-2009 for a loss of some 129,000 jobs; since then, employment has drifted downward from about 119,000 to 115,000 jobs, with no increase during the economic “recovery.” 

Key finding:

Between 1990 and 2014, we shipped half of our non-apparel textile products industry jobs offshore: 53 percent of the jobs, just over 129,000 jobs in all. [i] 


GO TO Group 2.


[i] Industries in the Textile Product Mills subsector group establishments that make textile products (except apparel). With a few exceptions, processes used in these industries are generally cut and sew (i.e., purchasing fabric and cutting and sewing to make nonapparel textile products, such as sheets and towels).  The textile product mills subsector consists of these industry groups: Textile Furnishings Mills (NAICS 3141) and Other Textile Product Mills (NAICS 3149).  [North American Classification System, published at]


News and Events

May 15, 2014, Ontario, CA - MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, delivered the keynote address at the 20th annual World Trade Conference sponsored by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the California Inland Empire District Export Council in Ontario, California.  To view the conference agenda, click here:

New file download

May 7, 2015, Radnor, PA.  MIAA's founder, Jim Stuber, appeared as the guest of host Richard J. Anthony, Sr. on The Entrepreneur's Network TV at Radnor Studio 21.  The program featured a discussion of the problems caused by offshoring manufacturing and white collar jobs and how consmers can solve the problem with their spending decisions. 

Studio 21 has made the program available for viewing here:

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